Objective: This research was done by means of descriptive and cross-sectional research types for the purpose of determining the psychological symptoms, probability of suicide and coping ways of a group of convict and detainee. Sixty-eight detainees and convicts who were in a penal institution allied to Ministry of Justice in March 2014 constituted sample of the research. Methods: To collect data, Questionnaire Form, Symptom Checklist 90 Revised, Suicide Probability Scale, Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations-Short Form were used. Data were evaluated with descriptive statistics, t test, variance analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results: Average age of the participants being 33.4±8.7, they were all males. General Symptom Index point of the participants being 1.26±0.76 and point of Suicide Probability Scale being 74.22±2.9, %57.35 of them were determined to be in the high-risk group, with regard to suicide. Again, the participant’s point of task-oriented coping was 21.57±0.77, emotion-oriented coping point was 21.44±0.87 and avoidance-oriented coping point was determined to be 19.19±0.96. There was a negative relationship between General Symptom Index and the age at the first crime and positive relationship between General Symptom Index and the the frequency of being sent to prison; while a negative relationship was found between the age at the first crime and suicidal ideation. Discussion and Conclusion: In conclusion, psychiatric symptom level and probability of suicide of the detainees and convicts who participated in the study were high and they were using task-oriented and emotion-oriented coping methods more frequently. Hence the detainees and convicts should be examined in terms of psycological problems. Necessary protective measures should be taken and coping methods should be strengthened.
prison, convict, detainee, suicide, psychological symptoms, coping
Article Language: Turkish English