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Original Research

Prevalence of diabetes and its risk factors: a cross-sectional study in Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Dhara Prajapati, Geeta Kedia.


Background: World health Organization (WHO) reports refer India as the potential diabetic capital of the world, with number of patients in the disease expected to increase from three to six crores by 2025. Gujarat is second after Tamil Nadu on the fast track in acquiring diabetic patients. About lakhs of people being diabetic in the city of Ahmedabad alone. The control of diabetes will require modification of its risk factors and hence necessitates identifying the various risk factors of diabetes.

Objectives: To study the prevalence of diabetes and association with its risk factors.

Materials and Methods: It is a cross-sectional study conducted among 600 staff members of B.J. Medical College of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Data were collected using a pre-tested questionnaire, and physical measurements were taken. Data analysis was done on Microsoft Excel and Epi-Info.

Results: In this study, prevalence of diabetes was 9% males and 10% females. 28.07% males and 24.61 % females were 55 years and above who reported history of diabetes. Individuals with waist circumference >90 cm in males and >80 cm in females had a risk of diabetes in comparison with individuals with normal waist circumference.

Conclusion: The high prevalence of risk factors diabetes in employees of government institute in urban area calls for a workplace-based health approach. Efforts should be made to establish surveillance mechanism at the individual level to monitor, evaluate, and guide policies and programs.

Key words: prevalence, diabetes, risk factor, Ahmedabad

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