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Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(12): 2226-2232

Prevalence and factors of burnout associated with extracurricular activities in the medical students club at Umm Al-Qura University: a cross-sectional study

Huda F. Azhari, Basem H. Alshareef, Ayman A. Alraddadi, Maryam S. Bin-Bakr, Omair M. Qutub, Ahmad K. Alem.


Background: Burnout is a term that is used to refer to the suffering in the workplace due to exposure to excessive wear. It is the repercussion of chronic stress at work and individual factors, where it differs from depression by being workplace-specific. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of burnout due to academic education and extracurricular activities and the association between them and the risk factors among medical students at Umm Al-Qura University students club (UQUMSC), Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted among 253 students from UQUMSC between 2017 and 2020 through email and Short massage service (SMS). Data were obtained using an English questionnaire “MBI-general survey for students”, which is a well-known, valid, and reliable questionnaire.
Result: The majority of the participants were female (65.6%), with a mean age of 23 (±2) years. Regarding the association between study and work, females had higher scores in all dimensions. When comparing study and work, Maslach burnout inventory (MBI) and the risk factors, lack of time management, and miscommunication were significantly associated with exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy (PE), respectively. Also, being a leader was found to be statistically significant with PE work.
Conclusion: The study indicated that the prevalence of burnout due to academic study was higher than that of extracurricular activities. Lack of time management and miscommunication were significantly correlated with many MBI dimensions. These results indicated the need for interventional psychological programs targeting medical students.

Key words: MBI, exhaustion, cynicism, professional efficacy

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