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Original Article

J Liaquat Uni Med Health Sci. 2014; 13(3): 125-129


Reasons and Patterns of Tooth Extraction in a Tertiary Care Hospital- A Cross Sectional Prospective Survey

Mehwash Kashif, Khalid Mehmood, Tahera Ayub, Mehmil Aslam.


Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to find the reasons of tooth extraction in permanent
dentition and to identify the patterns of tooth extraction among karachiates.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out in the department of oral and maxillofacial
surgery (OMFS), in tertiary care hospitals of Karachi from October 2013 to March 2014. In
this cross sectional study total 6251 patients were selected through non-probability convenience
sampling and data was collected by trained clinician using predesigned questionnaire
after informed verbal consent. The reasons and pattern of tooth loss was recorded and data
was computed on SPSS. Version 19.00.
RESULTS: According to the result analysis on SPSS version 19.0, the male to female percentage
was 43.25% and 56.74% respectively and the highest number of extractions was observed
at the age of 50 years i.e. 6.24%.The percentage of reasons of extraction of teeth in our population
is as follows, the grossly carious teeth are 51.8%, Periodontal problem 19.2%, Impaction
2.9%, RCT failure 2.8%, Economics 0.9%, Root caries 6.8%, Orthodontics 2.9%, Prosthodontics
0.1%, Fracture 1.3% , Malopposed 0.7%, Supernumerary teeth 0.9%, tooth In the fracture line
0.1%, Aesthetics, Pathological fracture, Preradiation 0.0%.
CONCLUSION: It was concluded from the above study that dental caries, is the most common
reason for tooth loss followed by periodontal disease and first molar is the commonest tooth
extracted.

Key words: Tooth loss, Extraction, reasons, Permanent, Pattern, First Molar.






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