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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(9): 693-699

Physical Inactivity ind its Association with Hypertension in Adult Female Population Ofsrinagar, India: a Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Abdul Rouf, Mahbooba Rasool, Mohammad Salim Khan, Mohd Saleem Sheikh.

Background Physical inactivity has been found to be the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality (6% of global deaths). Prevalence of physical inactivity is rising in many countries including the developing countries like India, with major implications for the general health of people and for the prevalence of NCDs such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer and their risk factors such as Hypertension, Diabetes and Obesity. This study was carried out with an objective to find the prevalence of Physical inactivity and its association with Hypertension in adult female population of district Srinagar, India.
Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was carried out among 800 female subjects of age group >18 years during September 2017 to February 2018. Multi stage random sampling method was used and Hypertension was classified as per the 2017 guideline (updated JNC 7). Physical Activity was measured using IPAQ short form, designed primarily for population surveillance of physical activity among adults.
Results: Prevalence of Physical Inactivity of 50.2% were found in study subjects. The overall prevalence of Hypertension in the current study was found to be 65.1% (Stage1=38.6% and Stage2=26.5). There was a linear positive correlation between Age with Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), (r=0.362 for DBP and r=0.548 for SBP) and similarly Waist Circumference (WC) and Body Mass Index (BMI) were correlated with SBP (r=0.404, p

Key words: Physical inactivity, Hypertension, Waist circumference, Body Mass Index.

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