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Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 30-35


Assessment of Knowledge and Related Risk Factors of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Alahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Abdul Sattar Khan, Hassan Ali Alsayegh, Mustafa Mohammed Al Ali, Abdulaziz Adel Al Qurini, Hassan Fahmi AlKhars, Ali Ahmed AlKhars.

Abstract
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common causes of gastroenterology clinic referral. IBS patients usually complain of abdominal pain which is associated with defecation or a change in bowel habit. It causes significant impact on quality of life and results in functional disabilities. The prevalence of IBS in Saudi Arabia was found to be about 40%. This study was done to assess the knowledge and beliefs regarding IBS among AlAhsa population, Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: Questionnaire was distributed electronically in conjugation with individual interviews. Questions regarding IBS knowledge and beliefs were asked. It was conducted in Alahsa during May 2018 to June 2018.
Results: The result of 325 randomly selected participants was included, 54.2% were males and 45.8% were females. Their age ranged from 18 years to more than 65 years. Most of the questions were answered correctly. IBS was more prevalent in young adults. Attitude and beliefs regarding IBS also showed the acceptable rate of correct answers. 51.8% of the participants thought surgery could alleviate the symptoms of IBS.
Conclusion: There should be programs regarding IBS awareness to increase the knowledge and decrease functional disabilities and impact on life.

Key words: Alahsa, Irritable bowel syndrome, knowledge.


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