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J App Pharm Sci. 2022; 12(12): 117-125

Determination of impaired quality of life of hypertensive patients and its complications

Amelia Rumi, Rudi Safarudin, Ririen Hardani, Dwi She Dewi Melinency Bokko, Nur Indah Sari, Khildayanti Saenong, Lilies Handayani, Nurulhuda Rahman, Ismail Setyopranoto, Muammar Fawwaz.


Hypertension is a chronic disease difficult to manage well, and is ranked first in Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the factors of demography, comorbidity, medication, lifestyle, and access to health services related to the quality of life of people with hypertension and its complications. The study was conducted in a cross-sectional manner using data from the Sleman Health and Demographic Surveillance System from 2015 to 2018 in cycles 3 and 2 with the inclusion criteria of hypertensive patients and their complications aged 25 years or older obtained by using total sampling of 532 people. Measurement of quality of life was carried out using the Short Form 12v2 2a and 2b questionnaires presented in the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS). Data analysis was done using the Mann-Whitney test and Kruskal-Wallis test. The results showed factors related to the quality of life in PCS were variables of gender, age, diagnosis of hypertension and its complications, the presence of comorbidities, fatty foods, and drug consumption in the last 2 weeks, while factors related to the MCS were education and occupation seen from the p value < 0.05. Quality of life with hypertension and its complications influence and decrease the patient’s physical more than mental condition.

Key words: Hypertension, complications of cardiovascular, quality of life, HDSS, PCS, MCS.

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