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Research Article

SJACR. 2023; 4(2): 1-11

On the Solution of a Fractional Order Model for Tuberculosis Transmission Dynamics

Maigemu Muhammed Dago, Ibrahim M. O., Babayemi Afolabi Wasiu, Jafar Ahmed Banji and Akinyemi S. T..


The concept of fractional calculus was used in this study to develop a mathematical model of tuberculosis (TB). When compared to integer-order models, fractional order differential equations are a potent tool for incorporating memory and hereditary properties of dynamical systems. The memory effect plays an important role in the spread of disease. The presence of memory effects on past events will affect the spread of disease in the future so that the spread of disease in the future can be controlled. The distance of memory effect indicates the history of disease spread. Thus, memory effects on the spread of infectious diseases can be investigated using fractional derivatives. Based on this background, a fractional order drug-resistant TB model with counseling and case detection was developed using the concept of Caputo derivatives. In other to describe the model equations, the total population is divided into seven classes: susceptible individuals (S(t)), uncounseled (E_u (t)) and counseled (E_c (t)) exposed individuals and uncounseled (I_u (t)) and counseled (I_c (t)) infectious individuals, drug-resistant (R_ES (t)), and recovered (R(t)) individuals. The Generalized Euler Method (GEM) was used to numerically solve the formulated TB model. Graphic results showed that the GEM yielded more accurate results compared to the Runge- Kutta fourth-order method. Furthermore, numerical simulation demonstrated that the dynamics of TB are continuously dependent on the order of fractional derivatives.

Key words: Tuberculosis, Caputo derivative, Generalized Euler Method, Fractional Order, Runge-Kutta

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