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Review Article

J Res Educ Indian Med . 2010; 16(1-2): 7-17




Mutrakricchra is one of the common urinary disorders characterised by discomfort
and painful micturition. Eight types of mutrakricchra have been mentioned in Ayurvedic classics
Mutrakricchra can be closely related to the term dysuria which is the leading feature of U.T.I.
Though use of various antibiotics are dealing the problem to some extend, but still even after long
term therapy, the recurrence of infection, development of resistance of microbes along with some
toxic hazards are the reported drawbacks. Recent researches have proved the efficacy of some of
Ayurvedic drugs as diuretic, analgesic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, adaptogenic properties. Still
many of the herbal drugs mentioned in Ayurvedic classics having mutrala (diuretic) property are
yet to be studied. Uptil now only few such compilatory works are available on such drugs and
its rasapanchaka acting in mutravahasrotas. The drugs compiled from different Ayurvedic texts
can be used as a single or can be made into compound formulation, keeping into consideration the
rasapanchaka and their conformed pharmacological activities and doshaja predominance of vyadhi.
214 herbal drugs acting on mutravahasrotas particularly on mutrakricchra have been scrutinized
from various texts. The statistical analysis of rasapanchaka of scrutinized drugs reveals that tikta
rasa is found in maximum i.e 64.5%, followed by madhura, katu and kashaya rasa 42.7% 39.8%
and 32.7% respectively. Among guna, laghu is found maximum i.e. 72.03% ruksha 48.34%,
snigdha and tikshna guna i.e. 38.9% and 28.43% respectively. In virya maximum i.e. 56.9% possess
ushna and shita virya in 40.3%. Regarding vipaka, katu vipaka maximum i.e. 64.9%, whereas
madhura 36.5% has been observed.

Key words: Mutrakricchra, Urinary tract infections, Dysuria, Diuretics, Urinary tract diseases, Analgesic, Anti-microbial.

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