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Original Research

J Res Educ Indian Med . 2008; 14(1): 63-67


A STUDY ON ABORTION COMPLICATION AND ITS EFFECT ON INDIVIDUAL IN ALLAHABAD DISTRICT OF UTTAR PRADESH

NEENA GUPTA, A. P. PANDEY.


Abstract

Abortion is defined as “Termination of pregnancy before the period of viability, for international acceptance, the limit of viability is brought down to either 20th week of fetus weighing 500 gm. Post complication of abortion divided into Direct and Indirect complications, which includes- Incomplete abortion (1.4 per 1000), Hemorrhage(3.3 per 1000), Uterine perforation (3.1 per 1000), Cervical laceration (1.3 per 1000), Infection(5.4 per 1000) etc., rural areas have a significantly lower rate of abortion than urban area but the rate of illegal (unsafe) abortion is significantly higher in rural area which resultsmore of complication and its effect on their health”. Study was conducted in the 6 CHC’sof Allahabad (Jasra, Karchana, Chaka, Handia, Koraon, and Soraon) based on tippet’s random table method. Then respondents were selected from each CHC proportionately.Thus, a total of 300 respondents were selected for the present study. One of the objective was to assess effect of abortion on the individual who has availed the abortion service.Present study on post abortion complications and its effect on the individual reflects that knowledge of complications is found sufficient in respondents but because of improper knowledge of contraceptives, abortion is used as means of contraception.Respondents suffering with abortion complications faced different types of individual problems which affect their lifestyle, causing serous health implications on females. In patriarchal society, they have to live with the family with becoming victims of sexualdysfunction, tobacco chewing, psychiatric illness, depression and anxiety.

Key words: MTP, Termination of pregnancy, Individual complications, Contraceptives.






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