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Original Article

Med Arch. 2024; 78(1): 22-28

Relationship Between Quality of Sleep and Psychological Well-being Among Frontline Nurses During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Saudi Arabia

Eman Abdulla Alabdullatif, Rana Ali Alameri, Reem Nasser Mohammed Al-Dossary.


Background: The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a world health emergency crisis that challenges the global health system and healthcare providers, especially frontline nurses’ physical and mental well-being. Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the association between depression, anxiety, and sleep quality among nurses working in Saudi Arabian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is an quantitative cross-sectional study. An online self-reported data was collected from 187 nurses who were on duty during COVID-19 pandemic. Results: About 87.2% of the nurses were female nurses; not surprising that 88% had poor sleep quality; 44.4% had moderate anxiety, and 44% of the studied nurses had mild to moderate depression. The study revealed that there was an association between level of anxiety and poor sleep quality. Poor sleep quality and emotional stability of nurses play a major role in quality of care and patients’ safety. Conclusion: We conclude that healthcare leaders should adopt an occupational wellbeing program for nurses that focuses on their psychological wellbeing and sleep quality.

Key words: Anxiety, COVID-19, Depression, Nursing, Psychological Well-being, Sleep Quality, Saudi Arabia.

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