Background: Globally, there is a rapid change in disease profiles drawing the consideration of both medical professionals and policymakers similarly, in particular, very factual in low- and middle-income countries. The emerging epidemic of obesity has become serious public health concern, particularly in adolescents. Therefore, the knowledge regarding obesity and its consequences is necessary among adolescents.
Objective: To assess the prevalence of obesity and the effect of various risk factors on obesity among first-year medical students of Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 130 first-year medical students of Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, during November 1 to 30, 2013. Data were collected by face-to-face interview by using a predesigned prestructured questionnaire. Anthropometric measurement such as height and weight were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Data were tabulated, and appropriate statistical test was applied.
Result: The prevalence of obesity was 11.53% in study population. It was higher among boys compared with girls and higher among socioeconomical class II (73.33%). There were 7.70% person among study population with sedentary lifestyle, and 34.60% study population did not have any knowledge about BMI and obesity.
Conclusion: The increasing trend of the modern day epidemic of obesity in adolescent age calls for immediate action to reduce the incidence of noncommunicable disease in future.
Body mass index, height, medical students, obesity, weight