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Original Research

RMJ. 2015; 40(4): 458-462


Suicidal ideation among Pakistani medical students

Haider Ghazanfar, Saad Hameed, Ali Ghazanfar, Joshua Rahat Aleman Bhatti, Ibad ul Haq, Rafeh Saeed, Muhammad Saeed Shafi, Ashraf Hussain, Arshad Javaid, Sajida Naseem.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of suicidal ideation, its risk factors and clinical Manifestation in Pakistani Medical Students.
Methods: Cross Sectional Study; carried-out through a self-made questionnaire having 22 items was administered among medical students of eight colleges, all over Pakistan. Students were selected through consecutive non-probability sampling. The data obtained was analyzed by SPSS version 21.
Results: Out of the total sample size of 1132, 47.9% were male and 52.1% were female. Of the 49.2% were in pre-clinical year (1st and 2nd year) and 50.8% were in clinical years (3rd, 4th and 5th year). About 6.8% of the medical student had suicidal ideation and 9.5% had the desire to harm themselves. Majority of the medical students (82.7%) choose medical profession by their will; 62.5% were found out to be fully satisfied by their medical college. In effects of stress, irritability, inability to sleep, fatigue, depression, decrease appetite, headache, feeling of anger, desire to harm oneself, fainting spells/dizziness/blackouts, feeling of being unworthy, thoughts of leaving medical education, fighting with others were found to be significantly(p

Key words: Suicide, medical student, medical education, suicidal ideation






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