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Original Research

Natl J Med Res. 2015; 5(2): 112-115

Pattern of dental diseases among patients attending outpatient department of dental: a hospital based cross-sectional study

Pitamber Datt Garkoti, CMS Rawat, Rajesh Kumar Singh, Vinita Rawat, Janki Bartwal, Neha Goyal.

Introduction: The public health problems associated with oral disease are a serious burden in India and other countries of the world. The causes of oral diseases are primarily rooted in poor socioeconomic and physical environment; unhealthy lifestyles and oral health related behaviour accordingly the action towards improvement of oral health should be directed towards modification of unhealthy environment and behaviours. Objective: To know the pattern of dental diseases among the patients attending Dental OPD. Materials and Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study among patients attending dental OPD in a tertiary care centre of Kumaun region during a period of one year i.e. from 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2012. Results: A total of 8928 patients attended dental OPD. Majority of the patients (25.3%) were in the age group 30-39 years. Mostly were males (51.54%). Most common disease was dental caries (54.54%), followed by gingivitis (37.62%), abrasion (3.82%), malocclusion (3.05%), pericoronitis (0.53%) and jaw fracture (0.44%). Conclusion: Dental Caries was the most common disease. Majority of the patients were in 30-39 years of age group. Health education and awareness at school level and in the community might prevent tooth loss in later life.

Key words: Dental diseases, Cross-sectional study, Tertiary care hospital

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