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Nutritional composition of jujube fruit

Sunil Pareek*.

Abstract
The jujube, also known as ziziphus, is grown and cultivated in India, Russia southern Europe, China and theMiddle East. The fruit has been used in Chinese medicine for over 4,000 years. In India, the jujube is grown forjust a few niche markets. Jujube contains potassium, phosphorus, manganese and calcium as the major minerals.There are also high amounts of sodium, zinc, iron and copper. Jujube also contains vitamin C, riboflavin andthiamine. The vitamin and mineral content of the fruit helps to support cardiovascular health and enhancemetabolism. This brief review provides information on nutritional composition, changes in nutritionalcomponents with maturity and its maturity indices of Indian (Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk.) and Chinese(Zizyphus jujuba Mill.) jujube.

Key words: Chinese jujube, Indian jujube, Ber, Nutritional composition, Maturity indices



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