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Sanitary conditions of lactating dromedary she-camel environment with special reference to milk quality and subclinical mastitis monitoring

Saber Kotb, Mohammed Sayed, Ahmed Abdel-Rady.

The present study was concerned with 42 dwellings of lactating dromedary she-camelsin owner's houses which distributed in 6 different villages around Assiut city, Egypt; to berepresentative to camel distribution in villages of Manfalout, El-kousia, El-Fateh, Abnob, Abo-Tigand Sedfa. This study was unlike most studies that deal with camels in the nomadic life while hereall animals were traditionally managed and were housed in each dwelling. The environmentalconditions around animals were estimated microbiologically to evaluate the hygiene of theirhabitat and to estimate milk quality and also to monitor subclinical mastitis. Therefore, differentrandom samples of air, soil, water, milkers' hands, milk equipments, composite milk and bulkmilk samples were collected. It was found wide varieties of a total 599 of pathogenic andpotentially pathogenic isolates could be detected and identified in which soil samples had thehighest number as 208, while composite milk samples had the lowest as 20. As the milk wassubjected to the surrounding environment, the isolates were elevated to 113 as explained by thesignificance correlation of total bacterial count between bulk milk and soil. Although all animalswere observed as clinically healthy with apparently normal udder, the CMT showed 9.52% waspositive for subclinical mastitis.

Key words: Sanitary conditions, lactating dromedary she-camels, camel milk, milk quality,
subclinical mastitis.

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