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Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults older than 30 years in a rural area in central Kerala, India

Binu Areekal, Anitha Bhaskar, Lal Antony, Siva Paramasivam Mahendaran, Rosin George, Mishal Darley Joseph, Parveen Baabi Madathiparambil Abdul Khader, Nishna Thyparambil Haneefa.


Back ground: In both developed and underdeveloped countries, the prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases is gaining more significance among the adult population. The majority of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke are behavioral in nature and, thus, preventable.

Objective: To find out the prevalence of risk factors of CVD in a rural area in Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in wards 5 and 6 of Arpookara Panchayat. The sample size of the study was 328. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview schedule regarding various lifestyle risk factors. Analysis was done using the software SPSS, version 16.0. For testing association, X2-test was used; P value for level of significance was

Key words: Cardiovascular disease, risk factors, rural, Kerala

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