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Study of clinical profile of benign laryngeal lesions

Hiren D Soni, Saurabh Gandhi, Manish Goyal, Umakant Shah.

Abstract
Background: Benign laryngeal lesion commonly affects the quality of life of the person.

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological profiles of the study group of patients and the outcome after treatment.

Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study of 100 patients attending an outpatient department with laryngeal lesions evaluated irrespective of their age, sex, and occupation. Biopsy-confirmed malignant cases were excluded.

Result: Of the 100 patients, 90 of them exhibited benign lesions. Along with hoarseness of voice, other symptoms reported were cough and throat pain (21%), breathlessness (19%), fever (11%), dysphagia (8%), and fatigue (1%). Chronic laryngitis is seen as the most common disorder. The duration of the symptoms in our study ranged from 2 days to 9 years. Improvement in symptoms was seen in 80% cases after the treatment.

Conclusion: Organic disorder of larynx is the most common cause among benign laryngeal disorder. Hoarseness of voice is present in all benign laryngeal lesions. Vocal abuse and smoking are the most common causative factors.

Key words: Benign, larynx, voice, vocal nodule, organic vocal disorder


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