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Burnout Among Healthcare Workers During Covid-19 Pandemic: Results from Seven Hospitals in Western Greece

Anastasia-Kiriaki Koutsouri, Despoina Gkentzi. Themis Paraskevas, Christos Michailides, Konstantinos Papantoniou, Michalis Kavvousanos, Anastasios Kantanis, Stelios Assimakopoulos, Markos Marangos, Maria Lagadinou.


Background: Burnout is increasingly being recognized as a major concern, affecting the physical and mental well-being of Healthcare workers (HCWs). Objective:The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of occupational exhaustion in healthcare workers (doctors, nurses, paramedics, assistants, administrative staff) and possible contributing factors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This study was conducted from March to September 2022 in seven (7) hospitals in Western Greece. It was carried out using an anonymous questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed based on results of previously published studies and consisted of 22 multiple-choice questions. Results: There were 259 (60.2%) female and 178 (39.8%) male participants enrolled in the study. The majority of the respondents were nurses (n=207, 48.1%), followed by doctors (n+ 178, 41.4%). There was a marked increase in emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal fulfillment and pandemic-related total burnout in participants older than 61 years old (40,05±2,2, 27,16±1,0, 21,11±4,1, 88,32±4,3, respectively). Widow/ers healthcare workers were mostly affected from pandemic related burnout compared to married, unmarried, and divorced healthcare workers. Respondents without postgraduate education demonstrated significantly greater prevalence of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and pandemic-related total burnout in comparison to those with doctoral/master degree. The prevalence of personal and work-related burnout among paramedics and administrative staff was higher than that seen in doctors and nurses(32,82±3,8 vs32,08±5,0/29,11±4,7 22,33±4,0 vs21,57±3,1/18,89±5,4 19,60±3,9 vs17,26±2,8/15,24±3,7 74,76±10,4 vs70,92±9,5/63,23±12,1).The prevalence of emotional exhaustion and work-related total burnout was significantly higher among doctors, nurses, paramedics, and administrative staff working with direct contact with COVID-19 patients than those among healthcare workers working without direct contact with COVID-19 patients. Conclusion: The present study highlights the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare workers.

Key words: COVID-19, pandemic, burnout, healthcare workers, exhaustion.

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