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Original Article

Med Arch. 2023; 77(6): 418-421

Effect of Garlic Ethanol Extract Administration on Gluthatione Levels to Prevent Oxidative Stress in Smoker Rat Model

Maya Savira, Dina Keumala Sari, Yetty Machrina, Sry Suryani Widjaja, Adrien Jems Akiles Unitly, Syafruddin Ilyas, Jelita Siregar, Pandiaman Pandia, M. Rusda, Mustafa M. Amin.


Background: Sickle Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is known as a spice native to western Asia has a strong antioxidant effect and revealed it functions as an antioxidant by increasing ROS-capture activity, cellular antioxidants, SOD, CAT, and GSH levels in cells. Cigarette smoke is very dangerous because it can cause serious illness and death. Cigarette smoke is a major source of exogenous ROS because its particles are high in free radicals. Smoking is also related to a decrease in the body's natural antioxidant levels. Glutathione (GSH) synthesis and expression were found to increase initially and then decrease after being exposed to cigarette smoke. Objective: The aim of this study is; to analyze effect of garlic ethanol extract administration on gluthatione levels to prevent oxidative stress in smoker rat model. Methods: This was a case-control study with a control group design, with 15 healthy rats (Rattus norvegicus, sp.) divided into three groups, KN untreated animals (control), K1 animals exposed to cigarette smoke for 40 days (smoker), and K2 animals exposed to cigarette smoke for 40 days and treated with Allium sativum 0.1 g per day for 40 days (smoker and Allium sativum L.). After 40 days of treatment, all animals, including the control, were sacrificed with 30 mg/IP ketamine injections, and the blood plasma were taken for examination. Results: there were significant difference in glutathione levels between the treatment groups (K2) with the control group (KN) and the smokers group (K1) (p

Key words: Allium sativum, garlic, gluthatione, smoker rat model, inful crises.

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