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Original Article

JRCRS. 2013; 1(1): 37-40


A Comparative Study on Perceived Social Support and Psychological Well-being of College Students Belonging to Nuclear and Extended Families

Humaira Shamim, Nazia Parveen, Ayesha Butt.

Abstract
Background: The social support and psychological well-being is an important aspect of performance among the college students, and the area is still unmasked in the third world country, especially in Pakistan.
This study was planned and conducted to produce some valuable basic perception of the college students on the issue.
Objective: The present study was designed to investigate a relationship between perceived social support and psychological well-being of college students belonging to nuclear and extended families. The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationship between perceived social support and overall psychosocial well-being of college student's life and compare male and female students on the measure of psychological Well-being and Social Support scale.
Methodology: In this comparative study, a sample of 160 students was selected with 80 (40 boys and girls) from nuclear families and 80(40 boys and girls) from extended families. The data for research was collected from the students of Rawalpindi and Gujar Khan Colleges who belonged to nuclear and extended families. Participants were asked to fill Perceived Social Support Scale (Procidano & Heller 1983) and Psychological Well-Being Scale (Ryff 1989). The data collected were analyzed through SPSS.
Results: Results showed that there was a positive relationship between perceived social support and psychological well-being. Moreover, iit was found that girls had more social support and well-being than boys of nuclear and extended families. Present study also revealed that the students who belonged to extended families showed high psychological well-being compared to nuclear families and the students who belonged to nuclear families showed high perceived social support compared to extended families. Participants with single parent showed reduced psychological well-being and perceived social support scales. Similarly, the students with low family income showed high psychological well-being compared to middle and high family income and students with middle family income showed high perceived social support compared to low and high family income. Moreover, students whose parentís qualification was above B.A showed high perceived social support and psychological well-being compared to those who were below matric, F.A and B.A qualification. This implies parentís education is important for well-being and social support of children is significant.
Conclusion: It is concluded that there is relationship between perceived social support and psychological well-being of college students belonging to nuclear families.

Key words: Perceived Social support, Psychological Well-Being, Nuclear and Extended Family, College Students. (JRCRS 2013; 1(1): 37-40)



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