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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2019; 10(3): 155-158


Epidemiological Study of Oral Hygiene and Prevalence of Dental Caries in Secondary School Going Children

Pradeep Savale, Ruplal Lanjewar.




Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries is one of the most common lifetime chronic diseases affecting the people of all regions and society that had 60%-90% of schoolchildren in most of the developed countries, and in several developing countries involving both deciduous and permanent teeth. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries among the secondary school childrenÂ’s in Yadgir city Karnataka
Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study of the age group 11-16 years are considered with the sample size of 542 students from 3 different private and one government school. A Pre-tested questionnaire was given to know the information on tooth cleaning practices, dietary habits and dental experience etc, and the data that is collected from each participant is subjected to statistical analysis to know the prevalence of dental caries.
Results: Prevalence of dental caries among secondary school students are 62.36% (N=338), which is slightly more in boys compared to that of girls i.e. 73.5% & 70.9% respectively.
Conclusions: Caries are more in boys compared to that of girls, and are common with primary dentition than permanent dentition.

Key words: Dental caries, Dental habitat, Dental care precautions, Deciduous and Permanent teeth






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