Kinesthetic and Proprioceptive Impairments in Diabetic PatientsHarem Sadaqat, Sara Amin, Arshad Nawaz Malik.
Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic disorder having high glucose level. The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of Proprioceptive and kinesthetic sensory impairments in diabetic patient.
Objective: The objectives of the study were to find out the prevalence of proprioceptive and kinesthetic sensory impairments in diabetic patient.
Methodology: A Descriptive cross sectional study was conducted and 100 patients were selected from 01st June 2012 to 30th November 2012. The patients were recruited from the hospitals of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire.
Results: The total 100 patients were recruited 67 were female and 33 were male. The result shows the kinesthetic sensation loss was found in 39% patients while 61% have intact sensation. The proprioception loss was only 7% and remaining 93have intact proprioceptive sensation.
Conclusion: It is concluded that majority of diabetic patients were diagnosed as type 2, more females were noted in sample. It was observed that majority of the diabetic patients have intact proprioception while majority have lost kinesthetic sensation. The females were more prone to loss Proprioception as compare to male diabetic population. It is recommended to advise proper sensory training, awareness and education to diabetic population for fall prevention.
Key words: Diabetes, kinesthetic sensation, proprioception (JRCRS 2014; 2(1): 12-16)