Mastitis is the inflammation of the mammary gland and it is one of the most important resisting factors for the upliftment of rural community by directly influencing their economy. Milk yield is the most compromising and severely affected parameter in this regard. In India Staphylococcus aureus is the key causative agent for mastitis and responsible for sub-clinical cases although it is also responsible for different forms of the disease. In the present time where prompt diagnosis and treatment is available for mastitis, treatment failure due to antibiotic resistance creates a bizarre in this case. Proper strategy, preventive measures and well awareness will be helpful for alleviating the situation and minimizing the economic losses to certain degree.
Mastitis, Sub clinical cases, Dry cow therapy, Antibiotic resistance