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RMJ. 2015; 40(2): 228-232

Stressors and coping strategies for stress among Pakistani medical students

Haider Ghazanfar, Saad Hameed, Joshua Rahat Aleman Bhatti, Ibad ul Haq, Rafeh Saeed, Muhammad Saeed Shafi, Ashraf Hussain, Arshad Javaid, Sajida Naseem, Rashid Anjum.

Objective: To determine different kind of stressors and coping strategies for stress among medical students and their association with Year of Medical Education.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on Pakistani medical students from all over Pakistan from June 2012 to December 2014. Students were selected through consecutive non-probability sampling. Medical students fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. The data obtain was analyzed by SPSS version 21. Descriptive statistics were calculated for both qualitative and quantitative variables. Chi square test of Independence was used to determine the difference in causes and coping strategies in relation to year of medical education keeping p value less than 0.05 significant.
Result: Out of the total sample size of 3043; 1327 (43.6%) were male and 1716(56.4%) were female. There were 1363 (44.8%) preclinical year medical students and 1680 (55.2%) clinical year medical student. Examinations 2044(67.2%), hectic schedule 1640(53.9%) and long classes 1000(32.9%) were the three common stressors. Praying 1601 (52.6%), sleeping 1333(43.8%) and listening to music 1190 (39.1%) were found to be three most common methods to relieve stress.
Conclusion: Effort should be made by the institution officials to cater to the psychological and mental needs of their students by providing them with a congenial and friendly environment where they are free to discuss their problems and reservations with their peers and seniors.
MESH words: Adaption, Medical Education, Medical Student

Key words: Adaption, medical education, medical student

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