One of the main causes of death and disability is road traffic injuries, with an unequal number of incidences in developing countries. Prevalence of road traffic accident (RTA) is a growing public health concern in developing countries. Our systematic review looked for existing evidence on the prevalence of RTA, thereby aimed at reducing the incidence of RTA in developing communities. Electronic databases such as CENTRAL, DARE, CDSR, Cochrane Methodology Reviews, MEDLINE, PubMed, and other resources were searched. In addition, hard copies and unpublished works were also searched. PubMed keyword strategy was tailored to the other databases. Findings of the review correlate the relationship of age and sex with RTAs in developing countries. According to the results, it was found that adolescents and young adults, especially male population, are at high risk of traffic injury and death, with the prevalence rate ranging from 11.1% to 42.6% for age group of 2030 years and from 4.6% to 97.2% for male subjects. Hence, there arises an urgent need for further research on the potential correlates for RTA in developing countries as information in this field will help in implementation of measures to prevent fatalities caused by RTAs, thereby bring a positive impact in the reduction of RTA-related mortality and morbidity.
Key words: Road traffic accidents, age, sex