Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Article

IJMDC. 2024; 8(1): 123-127

Association Between Type II Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiovascular Disease in Saudi Arabia

Basil Ahmed Alanazi, Shahad Saleh Alsefry, Saad Mufadhi S. Alanazi, Hussain Ali J Alibrahim, Rawan Yousef Bonayan, Lama Khalid Alghamdi, Alanoud Osama Alaidrous, Hanin Hussain Abusabah, Mohammed Ali A. Alatiyyah, Norah Ahmad Almodehash.


Background: With an estimated 7 million people living with diabetes and more than 3 million with pre-diabetes, Saudi Arabia has the second-highest rate of diabetes in the Middle East and is ranked seventh overall by the World Health Organization. The purpose of the study is to investigate the association between type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Saudi Arabia.

Methods: The King Saud Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, served as the site of this cross-sectional study. Retrospective data collection methods were used to obtain hospital records between May 2022 and October 2023. The study included both male and female adults over the age of 18 who were diagnosed with DM type 2, hypertension, or dyslipidemia. The authors gathered 920 records, and after filtering the data, they enrolled 520 records that had no missing data and met the study's inclusion criteria.

Results: More than 70% of our sample were diabetics, while 17.5% (91) had impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The association between diabetes mellitus type 2 and (age, sex, education, and occupation of the study patients) showed no significant results. The study included 520 patients with a median age of 34 and an interquartile range (22-65) years. Of the study's participants, 40.2% had dyslipidemia. 29.6% of people had hypercholesterolemia, and 12.3% had hypertriglyceridemia. When compared to women, men had about a 2-fold lower incidence of dyslipidemia (OR = 0.5, 95% CI = 0.2-0.7).

Conclusion: Our study found that diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were significantly associated; they were also affected by other factors such as gender and body mass index. Additionally, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia were associated with an increased random blood glucose level.

Key words: Diabetes, cardiovascular disease, association, Saudi Arabia

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.