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Original Article

J Pak Med Assoc. 2015; 65(10): 1097-1101

Pregnancy of unknown location: Outcome in a tertiary care hospital

Nuzhat Amer, Muhammad Amer, Mohammad Abdoh Kolkaila, Shahida Yaqoob.

Objective: To find out the outcome of a cohort of women with pregnancy of unknown location presenting to a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: The prospective study was conducted from January to December, 2011, at Early Pregnancy Assessment Unit, King Faisal Military Hospital, Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia. Data was collected for women with early pregnancy or with history of amenorrhoea, bleeding or pain. These women were investigated with serum beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin levels twice weekly and transvaginal ultrasonography weekly. Expectant management was done for failing pregnancy of unknown location while medical or surgical management was considered for persistent pregnancy of unknown location and ectopic pregnancy.
Results: During study period, 7215 patients were admitted, and, of them, 2212(30.6%) were patients with early pregnancy. Meeting the inclusion criteria were 183(2.53%) patients who formed the study sample. There were 131(71.6%) patients presenting with amenorrhoea, 90(49.2%) had bleeding and 93(50.8%) presented with pain. Outcome of 100(54.6%) patients was failing pregnancy of unknown location, 58(31.7%) had intrauterine pregnancy, 14(7.7%) converted to ectopic pregnancy, while 11(6%) had persistent pregnancy of unknown location. All patients with persistent pregnancy of unknown location and 5(36%) patients with ectopic pregnancy were medically treated. Five (36%) patients having ectopic pregnancy were managed surgically.
Conclusions: Management of choice for asymptomatic patients having pregnancy of unknown location is expectant management. Most of the patients suspected to have Most of the patients with persistent pregnancy of unknown location and ectopic pregnancy can be managed medically.

Key words: Pregnancy of unknown location, PUL, Ectopic pregnancy, Methotrexate, Saudi Arabia, Assir region

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