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A first meta-analysis study on body weight prediction method for beef cattle based on digital image processing

Frediansyah Firdaus, Bayu Andri Atmoko, Alek Ibrahim, Tristianto Nugroho, Endang Baliarti, Panjono Panjono.


Objective: This study aimed to develop a method for predicting the body weight of beef cattle using meta-analysis based on digital image processing.
Materials and Methods: The meta-analysis process commenced by collecting studies with the keywords “beef cattle,” “correlation,” “digital image,” and “body weight” from Google Scholar and Science Direct. The obtained studies were reviewed papers based on their titles, abstracts, and content, and then categorized by authors, year, country, sample size, and correlation coefficient. A digital image of body measurements used included wither and hip height, chest depth, heart girth, body length, and top view. The statistical analysis was conducted by calculating effect sizes using the correlation coefficient and sample sizes.
Results: The results of the meta-analysis, based on 3,017 cattle from 13 selected studies, showed the highest and lowest correlation coefficients for the top view variable and hip height. Based on cattle breed, significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed in the wither height variable with correlation coefficients of 0.94, 0.79, and 0.66 for Hanwoo, Holstein, and Simmental, respectively. Based on sex, significant differences (p < 0.05) were seen in the wither height variable, with correlation coefficients of 0.73 for males and 0.90 for females, while for hip height, the values were 0.70 and 0.87, respectively.
Conclusion: In conclusion, to achieve the best accuracy in predicting the body weight of beef cattle based on a digital image, the top view variable can be used. However, for ease of field experimentation, body length or chest depth can also be used while taking breed and sex categories into the model.

Key words: Body weight; prediction; metaanalysis; beef cattle; digital image.

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