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Dusunen Adam. 2015; 28(3): 231-241

Validity and reliability study for the Turkish adaptation of the Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale (HSNS)

Begum Zubeyde Sengul, Elif Unal, Seray Akca, Fazilet Canbolat, Merve Denizci, Gulbahar Bastug.


Objective: The condition of narcissism is divided into grandiose (overt) and hypersensitive (covert) narcissism. These two states are different in terms of etiological and behavioral dimensions. Correct assessment is important for determining the treatment. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) does not predict covert narcissism, whereas the Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale (HSNS) does. The aim of this study is to assess the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the HSNS.
Method: Participants of the study were 300 university students. The HSNS, the NPI and the Basic Personality Traits Inventory (BPTI) were administered as the primary outcome measure.
Results: Factor analysis revealed that the item content of the newly created eight-item Turkish version of the HSNS reflected one factor identified as hypersensitivity. Moreover, the reliability analysis demonstrated that the eight-item Turkish version of the HSNS was a reliable scale. On the other hand, no significant relationships were found between age, gender, and educational levels of the participants and their scores on the Turkish version of the HSNS. A near-zero correlation between the Turkish version of the HSNS and the NPI was demonstrated. Finally, there were significant negative correlations between the HSNS and the BPTI’s subscales of extraversion and agreeableness, and significant positive correlations between the HSNS and the BPTI’s subscales of neuroticism and negative valence.
Conclusion: The current study revealed that the reliability and validity of eight-item Turkish version of the HSNS were adequate, and it provided some evidence to demonstrate the existence of selected personality features that may be useful in differentiating hypersensitive narcissism from grandiose narcissism.

Key words: Covert narcissism, grandiose narcissism, hypersensitive narcissism, narcissistic personality, overt narcissism

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