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Natl J Med Res. 2014; 4(4): 293-297

Cardiovascular disease risk factor estimation in Gujarati Asian Indian population using Framingham risk equation

Sibasis Sahoo, Komal Shah, Anand Shukla, Jayesh Prajapati, Pratik Shah.

Introduction: Framingham 10 years risk estimation tools are potentially a cost-effective strategy for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in developing countries. The current investigation was designed to predict CVD risk in healthy and asymptomatic Gujarati Asian Indians.
Methods: It was observational study of 2483 individuals of Gujarat state having no past or present history of major illness including CVD. The study cohort was stratified into three groups of low-, intermediate- and high risk of CVD according to the Framingham 10 years risk calculator and the contributing factors for higher CVD risk were studied.
Results : Out of 2483 individuals, (65.4%) had low risk of CVD event followed by 21.95% having intermediate and 12.65% showing high risk. The low level of HDL-C (85.03%), hypertension (63.69%) and elevated TC (60.83%) and LDL-C (60.83%) were found to be the main contributors for CVD risk. In high risk males the levels of TC (58.45%) and LDL-C (58.1%) were significantly elevated (p

Key words: Gujarati Asians Indians, dyslipidemia, Framingham risk score, hypertension

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