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Original Article

Assessments of the Socioeconomic Status and Diet on the Prevalence of Dental Caries at School Children in Central Bosnian Canton

Aida Saban, Ognjen Ridic, Jasenko Karamehic, Orhan Saban, Marina Delic-Sarac, Nejra Dzananovic, Jozo Coric, Goran Ridic, Mirsad Panjeta.

Aim: The main aim of this research was to determine the influence of socioeconomic status and residence/living conditions on the status of oral health (e.g. health of mouth and teeth) in primary school students residing in Canton Central Bosnia. Methods: The study was designed as a cross-sectional study. Our research included two-phased stratified random sample of 804 participants. The quantitative research method and newly designed survey instrument were utilized in order to provide data on the oral health of the examined children. The alternate hypothesis foresaw that “there were significant statistical differences between the levels of incidence of dental caries in comparison to the incidence in children of different socioeconomic status. Results: The Chi square () of 22.814, degree of freedom (Df) = 8, coefficient of contingency of 0.163 and T-test (Stat) of–0.18334 showed that there were no significant statistical differences at p < 0.05 level between the primary school children from urban and rural areas. The obtained results showed that the caries indexes in elementary schools in Central Bosnia Canton were fairly uniform. Research showed that there were a difference in the attitudes towards a regular dental visits, which correlated with social-educational structure of the children’s’ families. Conclusion: According to the results, we can see that the socioeconomic status of patients had an effect on the occurrence of dental caries and oral hygiene in patients in relation to the rural and urban areas, because we can see that by the number of respondents, the greater unemployment of parents in both, rural and urban areas, caused a host of other factors, which were, either, directly or indirectly connected with the development of caries.

Key words: assessment, socioeconomic status, status of oral health, school children.

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American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


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