Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research

Natl J Med Res. 2014; 4(3): 212-217


A Prospective Study on Indications and Visual Outcome of Penetrating Keratoplasty

Aruna K R Gupta, Roopam K R Gupta.

Abstract
Objective: Purpose of the study is to carry out a prospective study to analyze the utilization of donor corneas for different pathological conditions and the visual outcome afterpenetrating keratoplasty (PK).
Methods: A prospective investigational analysis of 100 donor corneas used forPK between June 2006 and June 2008with a follow-up of 12 months, was conducted to analyse the indications and visual outcome in different patho-logical conditions.
Results: It was recorded that ‘Corneal Opacity’ was the most common indication for utilisation of donor corneas (43%), followed by Acute Infective Keratitis (AIK) cases (25%) and Pseudophakic Bullous Keratopathy (PBK) cases (14%). Utilisation of donor corneas for ‘Regrafts’ was in 7%casesandDescemetocele was the indication in 5%. Acute bullous keratopathy (ABK) (3%) and Keratoconus (3%) were uncommon indications for utilisation of donor corneas in the present study. Patients having “Normal” visual acuity increased from 0% cases preoperatively, in all categories to 20.9% in corneal opacity, 14.3% in Regrafts 7.1% in PBK, 40% in Descemetocele, 66.6% in Keratoconus, 33.3% in ABK, and 4% in AIK after 1 year.
Conclusion:Indication for utilisation of donor corneas which carry a poorer prognosis for graft survival are relatively more common in India than in the developed world but PKimproves the quality of life by causing a significant improvement in visual acuity.

Key words: Eyebank, donor cornea, penetrating keratoplasty, indications, pathological conditions, visual acuity, developing world.



Share this Article


Advertisement
Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES)

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.