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Research Article

EEO. 2023; 22(3): 86-97

Linguistic Direction In Explaining The Sunnah Of The Prophet

Dr. Fatma Zohra Souag.


This article studies the approach that relied on the Arabic language in understanding the words of the Prophet. It is an old method; it began early with the preoccupation of scholars of Hadith and linguists with clarifying the strange of Hadith since the second century AH. It is one of the common sciences between them, it is based on understanding the special prophetic expressions that are rarely used in the Arabic language, or the meaning of them is ambiguous in the context of the prophetic Hadith. The authorship in the strange of Hadith has known different stages that ended with the arrangement of the strange in the format of the letters of the dictionary, which facilitated the process of accessing the strange words.
The knowing of the strange of Hadith is very important in understanding the prophetic speech, as it is not possible to know the structures except by knowing the semantics of these special words, so knowing it is obligatory for the prophetic intent to be properly understood. But despite its importance and the necessity of knowing it, it is considered one of the difficult sciences that should be confirmed and investigated. Only those who are qualified to do so should do it, while being careful to abide by its controls and rules, such as considering the legal intent of the strange prophetic word, and considering subscription, as well as truth and metaphor.

Key words: Strange of Hadith, Explanation of the Sunnah, Linguistic direction, Special prophetic words, Understanding the prophetic speech.

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