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Original Article

IJMDC. 2023; 7(12): 1892-1900

Subjective wellbeing and academic success of first-generation and continuing-generation medical students

Abdullah Saeed Basuliman, Abdulaziz Abdulelah Haizan, Omar Hassan Batarfi, Saleh Saad Alrabea, Abdulrahman Mohammed Basuwdan, Mohammed Sulaiman Bin Daeag, Leen Sulaiman Doig, Sajida Agha.


This study was conducted to assess the differences in mental wellbeing and academic satisfaction among first-generation and continuing-generation medical students.
This cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, including 263 clinical-phase 5th- and 6th-year medical students. The study used two validated questionnaires: the College Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (CSSWQ) and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS).
The study had a response rate of 69.8%. Around one third students (34.6%) had parents or siblings who had graduated from medical school. The mean PANAS positive and negative affect scores were 31.4 ± 8 and 23.7 ± 8.2, respectively. Academic efficacy, school connectedness, college gratitude, and the composite measure of college student wellbeing had mean scores of 4.8 ± 1.4, 4.6 ± 1.4, 5.1 ± 1.2, 6.2 ± 0.9, and 5.2 ± 1, respectively. Gender was a significant predictor of the PANAS negative affect score (P = 0.001), academic efficacy (P = 0.04), and school connectedness (P = 0.026). The father’s education level significantly influenced academic satisfaction (P = 0.01), school connectedness (P = 0.009), and college student wellbeing composites (P = 0.03). Additionally, having a sister who had graduated from medical school was a significant factor affecting the PANAS score (P = 0.05).
Medical students’ PANAS and CSSWQ scores might be impacted by their parents’ education level in both first and continuing-generation medical students. In continuing-generation medical students, the graduation status of their siblings had a significant impact on their PANAS score.

Key words: Subjective wellbeing, positive and negative schedule, medical students, first-generation students, mental health

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