The purpose of this study was to investigate and evaluate both ovariectomy and ovariohysterectomy, as an important surgical method used for sterilization of the female cats. Ovariohysterectomy and ovariectomy for elective sterilization were performed on 50 healthy female cats related to breeds of Siamese, Persion Turkish angora and Native breeds. The ovarioectomy and ovariohysterectomy operations differ significantly (P< 0.01) among the sterilized cats. The number of cats that occur to them ovariohysterectomy (60 %), while, those occur to them ovarioectomy reached to (40 %) from the total number of sterilized cats. Ovariohysterectomy, or Spaying is considered a routine abdominal operation and the best age for cats is before puberty. The procedure is done with the animal under general anesthesia and consists of a small incision in the abdomen for removal of the ovaries and uterus. It could be concluded that, the elective sterilization of female cat could be done by ovarioectomy and/or ovariohysterectomy, which is considered a simple, easy and effective techniques for spay in female cats. Spay of the female cats is an important part of basic cat health care. Spaying at a young age prevents mammary cancer and spaying at any age prevents unwanted kittens, noisy heat cycles, and possibly even urine marking in the house.
Key words: Ovariectomy, Ovariohystrectomy, Elective sterilization, Female Cat