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Review Article

AAM. 2014; 3(1-2): 52-58

Proposing Ayurvedic Traya Upastambha as an Important Behavioral Health Care Strategy

Janmejaya Samal.


“Traya Upastamba” is a concept predominantly described in classical treatises of Ayurveda. The word literally means
three pillars or triad of life. It encompasses three important pillars such as Aahara (Dietary Habits and Nutrition), Nidra
(Sleep), and Bramhacharya (Celibacy/Continence/Abstinence). These three important pillars can better way be compared
with health behavior of modern day and in fact are the important behavioral determinants of health. In this context a
narrative review of various literatures pertaining to food and nutrition, sleep and sexual behavior was carried out. At the
same time the original concept of Trya Upastambha was adopted from classical treatises of Ayurveda. It was observed
that the dietary patterns and nutrition are associated with a number of health related conditions. In one of the studies it
was found that snacking, intake of meat, fried foods, sweet foods, and instant foods were associated with higher bone
mineral density (BMD) on the contrary regular lunch hours, skipping meals, calorie restriction, and eating moderate
amounts were associated with lower BMD. At the same time adequate sleep is a central part of healthy life style. This
brings proper healthy body and brain function. Similarly sexual behaviors, attraction, and identity vary by age, marital or
cohabiting status, education, and race and Hispanic origin. These behaviors and characteristics are relevant to birth and
pregnancy rates, as well as to the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV). Understanding of Traya Upastambha is of paramount importance for the management, control and prevention
of a good number health problem.

Key words: Ahara, Ayurveda, Behavioral Health, Bramhacharya, Nidra, Traya Upastamba

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