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Interferon Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

Azra Alajbegovic, Dervis Deljo, Salem Alajbegovic, Jasminka Djelilovic-Vranic, Ljubica Todorovic, Merita Tiric-Campara.

Introduction: In the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) differ: treatment of relapse, treatment slow the progression of the disease (immunomodulators and immunosuppression), and symptomatic treatment. The aim of this study is to analyze the application of interferon therapy in the treatment of MS-E: Process the disease, patients with multiple sclerosis who have passed the commission for multiple sclerosis at the Neurology Clinic of Clinical Center of Sarajevo University as a reference center for referral to the Commission for multiple sclerosis from the Federal Ministry of Health in 2009 year in terms of total number examined, gender differences, diagnostic tests (MRI, CSF, EP), neurological findings and EDSS scores. Provide a section through the continuous support and education of patients during the introduction Betaferon in therapy with the goal of education for self-use and reduce the incidence of side effects of interferon therapy. Materials and methods: The material for the work they were histories of patients who are registered as patients who have undergone a commission for MS at Department of Neurology, University Clinical Center in Sarajevo. The evaluation was retrospective. It was used a specially designed form, which is usually applied to patients referred to this committee. After the collected material was carried out data processing. The study comprised 34 patients who have undergone a commission of which 16 patients received interferon therapy. Results: In 2009 at the Neurology Clinic CCUS have treated 34 patients who passed the committee for recommendation to interferon therapy (25 women and 9 men). The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis is safe based on the criteria of international panel in 2000. EDSS Average score for men was 1.8, 1.9 for women, the total EDSS score was 1.8. The gender ratio is 3:1 in women than in men. Sixteen patients received interferon by the Commission for multiple sclerosis, the Federal Ministry of Health and their therapy was initiated at the clinic. Conclusion: For the period of 2009, a total of 34 patients were examined with multiple sclerosis who received interferon treatment recommendations at the expense of the Federal Solidarity Fund at the Neurology Clinic CCUS Sarajevo. The average EDSS score was 1.8. There were no significant differences in neurological findings between patients who were previously treated with interferon and patients who were waiting for treatment.

Key words: Multiple sclerosis, Interferon, treatment.

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