Objective: To observe the frequency of periodontal diseases and its association with other factors in patients visiting Hamdard University Dental Hospital.
Study Design: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of study: The study was carried out in department of Periodontology, Hamdard University Dental Hospital, Karachi. Total duration of this study was one year from January to December 2010.
Methods: Non probability purposive sampling technique was used. All patients with peridontal disease presented to dental OPD were included in this study. After taking informed consent, data was collected from patients on a structured questionnaire.
Results: Total 581 patients were included in this study. The male to female ratio was 1:1.5. Among males, frequency of gingivitis and periodontitis were 71% and 26.7% respectively while in females it was 70.8% and 18.6%. Smoking habits in males was 13.5% and in female this was only 0.56%.
Conclusion: The incidence of periodontitis is comparatively high in males which are most likely associated with high frequency of tobacco smoking.
Gingivitis, periodontitis, smoking, betel nut
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