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Study on Persistent Uterine Infection, Ovarian Activity and Reproduction in Postpartum in Murrah Buffaloes

B.U. Wakayo, P.S. Brar, S. Prabhakar, S.P.S. Ghuman and A.K. Arora.


Study was conducted on 17 (8 normal and 9 assisted, calving) Murrah buffaloes to evaluate persistent uterine infections, ovarian activity and reproductive performance. Uterine status was monitored until 35 days in milk (DIM) based on vaginal inspection, rectal examination and evaluation of uterine content. Ovarian activity was assessed by rectal examination and plasma progesterone estimation. Fetid muco/purulent vaginal content decreased from 5 (29.4 %) at 21 DIM to 3 (17.6 %) at 35 DIM. Meanwhile, 10 (58.8 %) of the apparently healthy buffaloes exhibited cytological uterine inflammation at 35 DIM. Fetid purulent uterine contents (Score ≥ 2) was frequently accompanied by muco/purulent vaginal discharge and exhibited higher polymorphoneuclear leukocyte (PMNLs) % and exclusive involvement of recognized uterine pathogens (p

Key words: Murrah Buffalo, Uterine infection, Ovarian activity, Reproductive performance

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