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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(12): 1464-1472

Biodiversity of mycelial fungi in fresh water in the territory of the park "Mari Chodra" of the Russian Federation

Ramziya M. Potekhina, Evgenya Yu. Tarasova, Svetlana A. Tanaseva, Venera I. Makaeva1, Iskander F. Vafin, Liliya I. Almitova, Sergey Yu. Smolentsev, Alsu R. Makaeva, Rashid M. Aslanov, Valentina Yu. Titova, Rimma V. Nefedova and Julia V. Larina.

Water contaminated with liable to be pathogenic mycelial fungi in tributaries may cause health hazards to animals, birds and humans. The presence of mold fungi in water can be dangerous due to daily contact with water at several points of exposure, such as drinking, showering and swimming in lakes during the summer season. Affections of fungi of the genus Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Mucor, Rhizopus cause allergies, opportunistic infections, mycosis and intoxication in living beings. Fresh water bodies, lakes, ponds are a black box for fungal ecology. Microbial organisms of bacteria, viruses, mycelial fungi directly affect agricultural land as well as social forestry. The article presents the results of mycological analysis of fresh water bodies in the territory of the park "Mari Chaudra". We allocated fungi of a sort Trichoderma - 46%, Aspergillus - 27%, Fusarium - 13%, Penicillium - 10%, Mucor - 2%, yeast fungi Candida - 1% and Rodoturulla - 1%. Practical results showed the relationship of natural balance of micelian fungi, ecotoxicants with acid-alkaline balance and aquatic vegetation in water bodies.

Key words: karst lakes, ponds, micellae, micelli mushrooms, duckweed, National Park.

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