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The Effect of Aflatoxins on Male Reproduction

Mohammed N. Mohammed, Magdy M. Ameen, Osman A. Mohammed, Osman MO. Al-Maghraby, Hekmat O. Abdel Aziz, Salah R. Ahmed, Mohamed Alkhatim Alsammani.


Background: idiopathic male infertility is a cause for increased concern of health caregivers. Semen quality abnormalities are not well understood; environmental factors such as aflatoxins may play a role. Aim: the study conducted to determine the effect of Aflatoxins on male production. Methods and subjects: semen samples from 108 adult men were examined for aflatoxins. Of whom, 60 males with infertility and 48 fertile males served as controls. Semen was screened for the presence of aflatoxin using solvent extraction by high performance liquid chromatography. Seminal parameters were determined according to the WHO criteria for semen parameters. Statistical analyses were done using t-test and x2 test. Results: The prevalence of aflatoxins in the infertile males was 25% (15) compared to 2.1% (1) in the fertile males (P=0.0007). The majority of infertile men with aflatoxins had a high level of toxicity compared to fertile group (53.3% vs. 0%, P=0.0202, respectively), while low and medium toxicity were similar in infertile and the fertile group, (20% vs. 2.1%, P=0.6274), and (26.7% vs.0%, P=0.1502), respectively. Semen parameters of infertile men were significantly reduced compared to fertile group in volume (2.08 ± 0.84vs. 2.52 ± 0.53,P=0.0021), sperm count(86.4 ± 77.39 vs. 185.37 ± 137.82,P

Key words: aflatoxins, male, infertility, semen

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