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Original Article

Med Arch. 2014; 68(4): 259-262

Calcium and Dairy Products Consumption and Association with Total Hip Bone Mineral Density in Women from Kosovo

Elton Bahtiri, Hilmi Islami, Rexhep Hoxha, Hasime Qorraj-Bytyqi, Tahire Maloku-Gjergji, Sylejman Rexhepi, Shaip Krasniqi, Valbona Zhjeqi, Enis Halimi, Shpetim Thaçi, Faton Sermaxhaj, Kujtim Thaçi.


Background and objective: There is paucity of evidence in southeastern Europe and Kosovo regarding dairy products consumption and association with bone mineral density (BMD). Therefore, the objective of present study was to assess calcium intake and dairy products consumption and to investigate relationship with total hip BMD in a Kosovo women sample. Methods: This cross-sectional study included a sample of 185 women divided into respective groups according to total hip BMD. All the study participants completed a food frequency questionnaire and underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to estimate BMD. Nonparametric tests were performed to compare characteristics of the groups. Results: The average dietary calcium intake was 818.41 mg/day. Only 16.75% of the subjects met calcium recommended dietary reference intakes (DRIs). There were no significant differences between low BMD group and normal BMD group regarding average dietary calcium intake, but it was significantly higher in BMDT3 subgroup than in BMDT2 and BMDT1 subgroups. Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate significant relationship of daily dietary calcium intake with upper BMD tertile. Further initiatives are warranted from this study to highlight the importance of nutrition education.

Key words: Bone mineral density, women, dietary calcium intake, dairy products, risk factors.

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