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Original Article

IJMDC. 2023; 7(11): 1485-1494

Awareness and knowledge assessment of bronchial asthma among the general population in Saudi Arabia

Fahad Almahadi Alsadoun, Faisal Fahad Bin Ojayban, Abdullah Ali Banaeem, Ibrahim Khalid Alruzayhi, Norah Abdo Hezam, Abdullah Khalid Alqasim, Abdulelah Hasan Alkhudairi, Rawan Abdulrahman Alsomali.


Objective: This study aimed to determine the level of knowledge and awareness of bronchial asthma among the general population in Saudi Arabia.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi Arabia during the year 2023 using a questionnaire survey with a sample size of 385.
Results: The study revealed that 9.7% of participants had asthma. Around 50.4% reported having siblings with asthma. The majority showed satisfactory awareness of asthma-related information, with 79.2% correctly identifying it as a chronic disease. Additionally, 89.1% knew asthma was not infectious, and 69.3% recognized that it could lead to health complications, while 55.6% were aware it could be fatal. Most participants correctly recognized common asthma symptoms. However, awareness of dry cough as a symptom was lower at 58.6%. Common risk factors like family history, allergies, and smoking were well-known.
Conclusion: While there is a reasonable level of awareness regarding asthma as a chronic condition and its prevalence, efforts should be made to raise awareness about the potential severity and life-threatening nature of the disease. Moreover, continuous education initiatives targeting specific sociodemographic groups can further enhance asthma knowledge and improve asthma management and outcomes across the population.

Key words: Asthma, awareness, Saudi Arabia, symptoms, knowledge.

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