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Epidemiological Studies on Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) in Different Parts of India

Kollannur, Justin Davis, Syam, Radhika and Chauhan, R. S..


Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1), the causative agent of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR), is considered to be the most common viral pathogen found in bovine semen and can cause various syndromes like infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), pustular vulvovaginitis (IPV), encephalomyelitis, mastitis and affects respiratory, ocular, reproductive, alimentary, integumentary and central nervous systems besides causing neonatal infections. The BHV-1 infection has already been reported by seroprevalence studies in India amongst exotic and crossbred cattle at some organized farms. The current work was designed to study the prevalence of IBR using serological and molecular techniques, respectively in serum and semen samples, collected from different parts of India. IBR antibodies were diagnosed from 1010 serum sample by serum neutralization test and noticed 32.25% seroprevalence with maximum prevalence in Uttar Pradesh and minimum in Himachal Pradesh. Four percentage of semen samples were found positive for BHV-1 virus.

Key words: Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis, Infectious Pustular Vulvovaginitis, Bovine Herpesvirus-1, Epidemiology

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