Introduction: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare autosomal, dominant hereditary disease, which affects both sexes equally (1-10). FAP accounts for less than 1% of all colon cancers and is estimated to occur in one of 8,300 live births. It is characterized by numerous adenomas scattered throughout mucosa of the colon and rectum. Case Report: The patient is a 62 years old man, admitted at the Surgical Department of the General Hospital in Konjic on May 18 2010 with gastrointestinal problems including: hard stool, often splattered with fresh blood, irregular and that causes the patient a lot of problems. The final diagnosis was median laparatomy supra et infraumibilicalis. Exploratio cavi abdominalis. Colectomy totalis et ileo-recto anastomosis TT cum staypler (33Ch). Loop ileostomy. Drainage cavi abdominalis N I (uno). Early postoperative course was generally regular. Control laboratory findings show the reference value. After ten days of hospitalization, the patient was discharged on the home recovery, with practically given instructions for care and use of stoma bags. For the secondary surgery was planned ileostomy closure, and regular post-operative endoscopic control. Conclusion: Most of the listed surgical intervention in case of FAP treatment localized in the colon can be performed by open (classic), or laparoscopic methods. Duration of postoperative stay in the hospital depends on the patient’s general condition and the type of performed surgery. It is usually about 7 days. After hospital treatment, recovery at home is from 4-6 weeks. Patients can usually return to work or school 6-8 weeks after surgery. After surgery, patients lives will be completely normal. Sexual and social activities remain the same, while either procedure does not affect the ability of a man or woman to have offspring.
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), treatment, outcome
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