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Original Research

RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 35-38


Different cutaneous infections in diabetic patients presenting in an out patient department of a tertiary care hospital

Sadaf Ahmed Asim, Mehnaz Nuruddin Gitay, Sahar Soomro.


Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to assess different skin infectious lesions in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) presenting at a tertiary care hospital..
Methodology: A total of 200 patients with DM and cutaneous infections were recruited from Dermatology Outpatient of Dow University Hospital, Karachi from January to August 2018. History was taken with reference to cutaneous complaints and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were estimated in all patients to assess the control of diabetes. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS version 22.
Results: A majority of the patients (43%) had fungal infection with Tinea corporis being the most common (23%). Bacterial infection (32%) was the second common infection among which folliculitis was observed in 28% of infections. Among the viral infections (25%), Shingles appeared in 40% patients of the viral infected patients.
Conclusion: Cutaneous infections are more commonly exhibited in DM patients among the Pakistani population. These were more common in females. Fungal cutaneous infections were the most common infection occurring among patients with poor glycemic control.

Key words: Diabetes Mellitus, Cutaneous infection, Pakistani Population, Viral infections, Bacterial infections, Fungal infections.






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