Objectives: To determine the frequent factors in women and children subjected to sexual assaults seeking medical
care at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in the Medico legal Department of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical
Center, Karachi, Pakistan. Sexual assault victims seeking medical care and medico legal reports from Jan 2007-June
2010 were included in the study. The sampling technique was non-probability purposive. All women were informed
regarding the confidentiality of their records and written informed consent was taken. In case of female children the
consent was taken from both parents / guardians. The data was analyzed on statistical package for social sciences
Results: There were 180 women and children examined and interviewed after the Sexual assault. The mean age
(years) was 19.24±7.33. Mostly reported victims were raped and abused both 162 (90%) and only rape was reported
in 18 (10%).The physical, local, Abdominal and Pelvic examination showed fresh act of violence in sexual assault
victims in 83 (46.1%) cases. The sexual assault was confirmed in 75 (41.7%) cases.
Conclusion: The fresh sexual assault acts confirmed in 41 %. The frequent factors in women and children subjected
to sexual assaults were adult women (18-40 Years), two third victims brought by police after 6-24 hours of rape, 90
% reported both sexual assault and physical violence, in two third cases no weapon used and no external marks of
body injuries observed.
Rape, Sexual Assault, Victim, Women, Children, Medicolegal.