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Original Article

J Pak Med Assoc. 2014; 64(6): 613-618


Prevalence, clinical presentation and treatment outcome of cryptosporidiosis in immunocompetent adult patients presenting with acute diarrhoea

Sajjad Ali, Sunil Mumar, Kiran Kalam, Kapeel Raja, Shehla Baqi.

Abstract
Objective: To document the prevalence, clinical presentation and treatment outcome of cryptosporidiosis in immunocompetent adult patients presenting with acute diarrhoea.
Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted at the Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation Karachi from February 1, till September 30, 2012. All immunocompetent adult patients who presented with acute diarrhoea to the gastroenterology clinic at SIUT were included. Data collection sheet was filled and stool studies sent. Modified acid fast stain of stool was performed for cryptosporidium. SPSS 20 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: There were 105 patients with acute diarrhoea. Fifty three (50.4%) were males. The mean age was 348.4 years. Of 105, 58 (55%) patients had cryptosporidium isolated in stool studies. Patients with cryptosporidiosis had statistically significant greater stool frequency per day (p

Key words: Diarrhoea, Cryptosporidiosis, Immunocompetent, Adult, Nitazoxanide.



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