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Original Article

ATJMED. 2023; 3(3): 99-104

Evaluation of hydatid cysts in University of Health Sciences Kartal Kosuyolu Research and Training Hospital

Sibel Dogan Kaya, Guliz Evik, Adnan Ak, Murat Ersin Cardak, Isa Caner Aydin.

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Aim: Hydatic cyst is one of the most common parasitic diseases caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Although it can be seen worldwide, it is a significant health problem in developing countries such as Türkiye. In this study, we reviewed the epidemiological and clinical data of cystic echinococcosis cases in a tertiary hospital and reviewed current trends in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
Materials and Methods: A total of 41 patients were included in the study between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2022.
Results: In the retrospectively planned study, 16 (39%) of the patients were female, and the mean age was determined to be 47.4±11.7 years. Twenty-seven (65.9%) of the patients were living in rural areas. The most affected organ was the liver (48.8%). Multiple organ involvement was observed in 2 cases. The diagnosis of most patients was made using ultrasound (73.2%). Anemia (22%) was the most frequently detected finding in the laboratory tests performed before treatment. Other laboratory findings were ranked as eosinophilia and leukocytosis. The treatment of the majority of patients was done both medically and surgically (75.6%). Thirty-four patients (82.9%) did not have a recurrence. Among the 7 patients who had a recurrence, the first site of recurrence was observed in the liver in 3 of them.
Conclusion: Hydatid cyst is still an important disease in our country due to its impact on both human and animal health and serious economic losses in areas engaged in animal husbandry.

Key words: Echinococcus granulosus, cystic echinococcosis, hydatid cysts, parasitic disease

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